Stellar XLM: What Is It, History and How to Buy

what is xlm

The Stellar payment protocol is based on distributed ledger technology — an open-source development, community-owned and distributed by community. The crypto asset of the Stellar platform helps with cross-border transactions, overcoming the problems of high fees and slow procedures. XLM is more focused on assisting individuals transfer money than they are with institutions. Thus, Stellar offers access to financial systems, and people can send money at low cost and promptly around the world.

XLM Historical Price

Stellar was launched in 2014 by Jed McCaleb (pictured), who also co-founded the cryptocurrency company Ripple and the exchange Mt. Gox. After leaving Ripple over his differences with other co-founders, McCaleb and his partner Joyce Kim launched the Stellar protocol as a fork of the Ripple codebase. Each node in the Stellar network chooses another set of “trustworthy” nodes. Once a transaction is approved by all nodes within this set, then it is considered approved. The shortened process has made Stellar’s network extremely fast and it is said to process as many as 1,000 network operations per second.

How to Buy and Store Lumens

what is xlm

When it comes to storing lumens, it’s recommended that you use a hardware wallet or a digital wallet. While these are the best and safest ways to store your cryptocurrency, be careful not to forget your access codes or passwords. Luckily, buying lumens is fairly simple at a variety of cryptocurrency trading platforms and brokerages. CoinBase and Kraken are two of the most popular networks for buying lumens with U.S. dollars.

  1. Stellar’s Lumens cryptocurrency can also be used to provide liquidity and streamline the process.
  2. We do not manage client funds or hold custody of assets, we help users connect with relevant financial advisors.
  3. XLM is more focused on assisting individuals transfer money than they are with institutions.
  4. Stellar’s basic operation is similar to that of most decentralized payment technologies.

What Is Stellar Blockchain?

Platform users can manage buy/sell orders, as well as select and set their preferred assets in settlements. LOBSTR is the native Stellar crypto wallet, where you can buy lumens directly in network. Currently, lumens are worth less than a dollar each, and you can’t buy fractional shares as of time of writing. Stellar is different from many other cryptocurrencies in that it’s more of a utility to facilitate trades than an asset in and of itself, like Bitcoin. Unlike the tokens of other blockchains, lumens aren’t mined or awarded by the protocol over time.

Who Controls Stellar?

The foundation created Stellar lumens as a barrier to entry to increase the efficiency of the Stellar system. When it comes to cryptocurrency, it’s important to be knowledgeable about the risks you face. As they are new, cryptocurrencies can be volatile, and it’s possible to lose money if you choose to invest. Stellar notes that while lumens will always have value within its own network, their value relative to other currencies may change.

The Nostro-Vostro process, as it is known, for cross-border transactions with fiat currencies is a lengthy one involving conversion and reconciliation of accounts. Because it enables simultaneous validation, Stellar’s blockchain can shorten or eliminate the delays and complexity involved. SDF and MoneyGram are not ending their joint initiative with just the project.

In early 2021, the value of Stellar’s lumen token grew more than fivefold, from $0.13 to $0.73, before collapsing over the following year. As of early 2023, the lumen token is trading for about $0.08, according to the crypto data site CoinMarketCap. McCaleb’s goal is to ensure that Stellar can give people a way of moving their fiat into crypto — and eliminate the friction that people normally experience when they are sending money around the world. Starting January 2023, the Coinbase wallet will not support Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Ethereum Classic (ETC), Stellar Lumens (XLM), and Ripple (XRP). After that, you can transfer those coins to another compatible wallet, but you can lose them if you try to otherwise send or receive them using the Coinbase wallet.

what is xlm

This would enable connections between small businesses, non-profits, and local banking institutions to expedite commercial transactions. For example, a farmer in Samoa would be able to connect and conduct transactions with a buyer in Indonesia. Stellar’s consensus protocol does not rely on the entire miner network to approve transactions.

The target audience of Stellar is the inhabitants of developing countries, ordinary users who are provided access to the global economy through fast, simple and inexpensive transactions. This feature is beneficial when a transaction is made between currencies without widely traded pairs. For storing lumens and for easy access to network features like payments and peer-to-peer sends, a list of some hardware or digital wallets is available here.

When you invest in a Grayscale trust, you’re investing in a security whose value is derived from Stellar lumens without buying or storing the lumens yourself. Finally, the level of centralization of the XLM token is also a cause for concern to investors, as 60% of the XLM supply is in the hands of the SDF. However, several risks remain from various parts of the system’s design.

You could use Stellar to transfer a digital representation of the U.S. dollar, the euro, Bitcoin (BTC 0.45%), or any other currency on the planet. Since each individual’s situation is unique, a qualified professional should always be consulted notes to monetary statements definition and which means before making any financial decisions. Investopedia makes no representations or warranties as to the accuracy or timeliness of the information contained herein. As of the date this article was written, the author owns cryptocurrency.

But rather than trading or sending the actual currency, they’re sending a digital representation of it. Stellar relies on similar blockchain technology as other cryptocurrencies but claims to do so more quickly and affordably. Stellar lumens (XLM) are a form of cryptocurrency created in 2014 by the nonprofit organization Stellar Development Foundation. Stellar is an open-source network that allows users to create, send, and trade digital representations of currency.

This announcement does not impact listing of these coins on the Coinbase exchange. In October 2019, the Stellar community voted to eliminate this annual supply increase. In fact, they decided to reduce the supply of Stellar lumens, cutting it in half. The 50 billion lumens in existence today are the only ones that will ever be circulated moving forward.

The Stellar ledger stores every account’s balances and operations (what they want to do with their funds). For example, an account could have a balance of 1,000 XLM and 100 U.S. dollar tokens and a pending operation to send 100 XLM to another account. You can check a stellar transaction on a stellar-focused block explorer. These are online tools that allow users to view recent transactions, blocks, and account balances. Popular Stellar explorers include,, and StellarExpert. The majority of XRP tokens are controlled by Ripple, a for-profit company, while the majority of lumens tokens are held by the nonprofit Stellar Development Foundation.

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